New to our shelves, October 2015

……….I love getting new books for our collection. With an ever-decreasing book budget, I have to decide between replacing stolen or worn out copies of popular books (Go Ask Alice, Of Mice and Men, Thirteen Reasons Why, Speak) or ordering new/ popular titles (The Fault in our Stars, The Maze Runner, Just Listen, If I Stay). I also have to consider the research needs of our students, and, therefore, search for books that address current controversial issues such as online security, marijuana legalization, gay marriage, climate change and ongoing issues like immigration, abortion, and poverty.

……….Furthermore, today there are also many good writers who cover science, history, political theory, economics, social studies and just about every other intellectual niche. There are great books about past presidents, revolutionaries, inventors, trailblazers and ordinary people who did amazing things. Who could have imagined that someone could write an interesting book about Cod or Salt? Mark Kurlansky, that’s who.

……….So, with all these considerations in mind, and a very limited budget, I must choose books I hope will find some readers. Here then, is a handful of titles I hope catch your attention and find a temporary home in your hands. The summaries are lifted from Amazon or Barnes and Nobles (and sometimes edited for space); links will take you to a review from a site I consider reliable, that could help you decide if the book is for you. Stop by the LMC and take one home:

new books

Beyond the University: Why Liberal Education Matters, by Michael S. Roth.

“Wesleyan University president, Roth, adds his voice to the current debate about college education. Is it vocational instruction meant to lead to immediate employment after graduation or a time for expansive ideas and self-exploration? He argues that liberal education, with its emphasis on critical thinking, is an important part of American ideals of democracy. He traces the historical roots of liberal education from the ancient Greeks through the Middle Ages and the Enlightenment. But he focuses on American thinkers, including Thomas Jefferson, Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, William James, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Jane Addams, John Dewey, and others.”

Read the Washington Post Review.

Looking like the enemy: My Story of Imprisonment in Japanese American Internment Camps, by Mary Matsuda Gruenewald.

“The author at 16 years old was evacuated with her family to an internment camp for Japanese Americans, along with 110,000 other people of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast. She faced an indefinite sentence behind barbed wire in crowded, primitive camps. She struggled for survival and dignity, and endured psychological scarring that has lasted a lifetime. … Like “The Diary of Anne Frank,” this memoir superbly captures the emotional and psychological essence of what it was like to grow up in the midst of this profound dislocation and injustice in the U.S.”

Read the review by Sherry Wachter at Story Circle Book Reviews

Fabricated: World of 3D Printing, by Hod Lipson & Melba Kurman.

“Fabricated tells the story of 3D printers, humble manufacturing machines that are bursting out of the factory and into schools, kitchens, hospitals, even onto the fashion catwalk. Fabricated describes our emerging world of printable products, where people design and 3D print their own creations as easily as they edit an online document. … Fabricated takes the reader onto a rich and fulfilling journey that explores how 3D printing is poised to impact nearly every part of our lives … Aimed at people who enjoy books on business strategy, popular science and novel technology, Fabricated will provide readers with practical and imaginative insights to the question ‘how will this technology change my life? …” from the Wiley publishing (publisher’s site).

Read the review by Justin Slick at

Sugar Changed the World: A Story of Magic, Spice, Slavery, Freedom, and Science, by Marc Aronson & Marina Budhos

“This meticulously researched, brutally honest, compelling book offers readers a different way to look at many events over the past 200 years or so. The title says it all. From the slave trade through abolition; from revolutions (American, French, and Haitian) to the Louisiana Purchase; from the decline of honey to the rise of saccharine, these events and many more are directly traced to the cultivation and production of sugar cane around the world. With a focus on slavery, Aronson and Budhos demonstrate how this one crop, with its unique harvesting needs, helped to bring about a particularly brutal incarnation of slavery.” … from School Library Journal, by Jody Kopple.

Read a short review from the Washington Post.

What the numbers say, A Field Guide to Mastering Our Numerical World, by Derrick Niederman & David Boyum.

“The bad news is that, in an age of science, complex financial planning, and competing deficit forecasts to support competing stimulus packages, the average citizen needs math more than ever. The good news, according to this delightful and eye-opening numeracy primer, is that it’s all sixth-grade math. Niederman, a mathematics Ph.D, and author of The Inner Game of Investing, and Boyum, a public policy consultant, assert that quantitative competence is mostly a matter of simple habits of mind, including: trust numerical data over anecdotal observations, but always question what the data are really saying; think in terms of probabilities rather than certainties; and make rough-and-ready estimates so your calculations don’t go off track. … This engaging book is a great challenge to fuzzy math of all stripes.” … from the publisher

Read a review by ATD here.

What I eat cover

What I Eat: The World in 80 Diets, by photojournalist Peter Menzel and writer Faith D’Aluisio.

“A stunning photographic collection featuring portraits of 80 people from 30 countries and the food they eat in one day. In this fascinating study of people and their diets, 80 profiles are organized by the total number of calories each person puts away in a day. Featuring a Japanese sumo wrestler, a Massai herdswoman, world-renowned Spanish chef Ferran Adria, an American competitive eater, and more, these compulsively readable personal stories also include demographic particulars, including age, activity level, height, and weight.” … from the publisher

Read a review by Aaron Spiegel, featured at the Huffington post.

……….We have also received a bunch of other fabulous books, but I just wanted to preview a few that I find interesting. I will let you all know about other new titles in future posts, but any teacher who wants to know what we’ve added can e-mail me and I will send them a complete list of our books orders.

……….Thank you for stopping by and I hope you found something useful.

Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.

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Little known (and therefore under-used) collections

The Haverhill High School Library Media Center (LMC) has a wonderful catalog of books, video tapes (yes, like those used in VCRs), DVDs and other materials that we would love to get into people’s hands. Today, I’d like to share with you a brief description of four collections we have available for students, faculty and staff.

Professional Development: We have a small, but interesting collection of books aimed specifically at people who like thinking, reading and learning about all things education. Perhaps you’d like to read a classic, like John Holt’s 1973 book, How Children Learn or Lev Vygotsky’s 1993 book, Thought and Language. Maybe you’re in the mood for something more current like Harold Foster’s 2008 book, America’s unseen kids: teaching English/language arts in today’s forgotten high schools or Terry Zawacki’s 2012 book, Writing Across the Curriculum : a critical sourcebook. Other titles deal with classroom management, critical thinking, standards & testing, second language acquisition, and other jargon only people in education ever say out loud.

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Graphic Novels: I’ve mentioned in earlier posts that I was a child of the comic book and have continued being a fan of the story told in pictures. I still read the “funnies” in the newspaper (yes, the news printed on paper) and I’m a huge advocate of illustrated stories. Some of my first real books were those Illustrated Classics titles that you can find nowadays at Walmart and Costco for $1.99. I’m not sure I could have understood some of those stories (The Three Musketeers or Orwell’s The Time Machine, for example) without the pictures helping me figure out what was happening. We have one hundred illustrated books including Fahrenheit 451, The Metamorphosis, The Odyssey, Beowulf, and Darwin’s On the Origin of Species. Many of our graphic novels are adaptations of classic books or in some other way connected to education.

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Literary Criticism: Helping students find online resources for most academic research projects isn’t usually that difficult. There are plenty of free .gov sites, pretty reliable news sources, and Wikipedia (when used in a certain way described in an earlier post) for students to begin their research. One topic that is usually difficult to find online sources for is literary criticism because, let’s face it, who’s thinking about what the green light in Gatsby symbolizes except English geeks? Fortunately, the LMC has a decent collection of “Lit Crit” books, especially for classic works and writers of the traditional literary canon. Best of all, our collection stretches across many generations of writers and critical theory. Among the series that we have are Norton Critical Editions (1960s & 70s), Twentieth century views (1980s), The Greenhaven Press literary companion to American & British authors (1990s), Bloom’s notes (1990s), and Social Issues in Literature (2000s).

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College Ready & Test Prep: Long before the MCAS and PARCC tests showed up, there was the PSAT, the SAT, the ACTs, the ASVAB and a bunch of other tests, known mostly by their acronyms, to strike fear into our teenagers’ hearts. Of course, nowadays there are great online resources such as Khan Academy to help students review complex or confusing topics in any subject, but the books in this collection familiarize students with the test formats and give them practice with actual past exams. We also have titles that cover topics such as preparing a resume, writing a college entry essay, and making the most of your college years. This section is highly recommended for the college minded student who wants to take a serious look at the tests that stand between them and their scholarships. Nothing improves your luck like preparation.


So there you have it. Four valuable print based resources that we have in the LMC ready for our students, faculty and staff to use. As a BONUS, I’d like to mention that we also have a number of maps and posters in the LMC that we offer for teachers to use in their classrooms. Most of these are old National Geographic maps and/or illustrations, but they are also in good condition and laminated to protect them from further wear.


Thank you for stopping by, and I hope you found something useful.

Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.

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Welcome Back 2015 – 2016

Hello all,

I can’t believe we’ve already been back for three weeks … summer is starting to feel like a distant memory already, isn’t it? So, I really hope you had a fantastic vacation, full of great times that you will be able to use throughout the next 180 days (and counting) to refuel yourself.

To all of our returning faculty and staff, it’s great to see your familiar faces and I hope that you remember to call on me for anything you need. To our new (and newish) members, I say, “Welcome. I am your librarian and media specialist and I am here to help you in any way I can”.

Below you’ll find some information to remind you who we are and how we might be able to help.

Library Media Center Hours:     Monday – Friday, 7 am – 3 pm

Students that would like to use the LMC computers or space after-school, do not need to make an appointment. Many clubs, groups and other people book the library for meetings or other events, and students may be asked to leave.

Class Visits

The LMC has two PC computer labs. Lab one is around the “pit” and has around 25 working computers on any given day. Lab two is in the back of the LMC and currently only has 15 working computers, but we hope to add more in the coming weeks.

If you wish to bring your class to the library to use the computers, search for books or work in the “pit”, you must check the LMC log kept at the circulation desk. There is no online version of this to book the library.

Please call us (xt. 1143) to check if we have room to accommodate you and/or your group if you have NOT already booked an appointment with us in the LMC log. We love to see our space full of students, teachers, aides, counselors and everyone else who makes HHS a great place to work. But we don’t like to be surprised and we don’t like having to turn you away at the door if we don’t have room.

Study Students

Students who would like to use the library during their study period need to first report to their study class so that their teacher may mark them present for that period. Study teachers can then send up to four (4) students to the library for that period, with a signed pass of course.

Copiers, projectors, overheads, etc.

As the media specialist, I am here to get you through some of your frustrating technology encounters. I know how much our faculty and staff rely on copies, printouts and scans to get their work done, so please make sure you call me whenever you’re having trouble with one of our many Toshiba machines. Contact me if your local machine needs its toner or staples replaced, if you’re experiencing chronic paper jams, or if you get an error message of any kind.

I’m also able to assist you if you still use a television, VCR (what?), DVD player (huh?), overhead projector (why?), CD player/radio (how?), or other antiquated machine that helps you do your thing in the classroom.

Contact Information

School Extension:    1143

Henry Toromoreno, Head Librarian 

Barbara Sicard, Library Aide             

Thank you for reading, and I hope you found something useful.


Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.


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My Summer Reading List

Hello all,

I hope your summer has been full of wonderful times worthy of scrapbook material (for those of you who know what those are) and overflowing with happy pictures you’ve already posted to facebook, tumblr, instagram, snapchat or wherever else is the latest hot online destination.

For me, summer is a great time to catch up on my long form reading; novels, histories, anthologies and such. I love being able to sit somewhere comfortable with a cold drink and a great book, spending hours racing through words, creating a long and in-depth conversation with the author, losing myself in a world spawned in someone else’s mind, but brought to life in my own.

So far this summer, I have gotten through a number of books and I’d love to share a handful of them with you. I’ll give you a brief review of each and for easy scoring, I’ll be using my own scale shown below.

*                   Why is this even in print? (I probably wouldn’t finish this book.)

**                 Not great, but still better than just watching TV or YouTube.

***               Good book. It’s worth your time and energy, but still has flaws.

****             Highly recommended, but not part of the upper echelon of books.

*****           Excellent book. Part of my “must reads” list.

  • Dave Eggers, The Circle. (*** ½) This was the first book that I read this summer and it was only because it was a relatively new read and was gifted to me by my friend and retired Haverhill High School English teacher, Ms. Barberio. She wasn’t a fan of the book and let me know that I could leave it behind wherever I went on vacation. After reading it, I think I understand why she didn’t like it. Eggers’ narrative is at times slow and repetitive in this book, but I feel that this is done on purpose to force the reader to stop and reflect on how redundant our lives online have become. The protagonist, Mona, is a recent college graduate who has landed a primo job at the hottest computer company on the planet, called the Circle (imagine if Google and Facebook and Amazon had a child, and that child also had gene splices from Apple). Her job and life revolve around being online, being “present” online and making sure others always know she’s “there” by liking, sharing, re-posting, commenting and otherwise “contributing” to the online world. It can become a bit of a chore reading that Mona visited 203 sites, has 51 likes, 23 re-posts, 31 original comments, and has moved up the rankings at her job … but it’s also the kind of precursor world I imagine taking shape before two classic novels, 1984 and Brave New World. There’s also some kind of a love story with a mysterious stranger that defies the other logic of the book, and a corny symbolic translucent shark from the depths of the ocean that eats everything, but other than that a fun first summer read. It gets an extra half book on my rating, just because it really does speak loudly about the ubiquity of technology and our insatiable desire to record and quantify what is happening.
  • Fransisco X. Stork, Marcelo in the Real World. (***) Not too many books have a protagonist who is a person with special needs, but YA authors have been more open than other writers to take on the challenge (think Stoner and Spaz, the Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night, Freak the Mighty, Stuck in Neutral, Fat Chance, and so on …). In this novel, the reader gets to see the world through Marcelo Sandoval’s eyes (and mind) and he is somewhere on the high end of the Autism-Asperger spectrum. He’s spent most of his schooling life at special schools and will be working the summer before his senior year at his dad’s law firm … in the mailroom. Learning to navigate his way around in “the Real World” is more than just about leaving his protected spaces, for Marcelo it’s also about discovering the ugly truths that all young adults must learn about the larger world. This book is a quick and easy read with an interesting twist and very likeable characters.
  • Ronald Kidd, Monkey Town. (***) Historical fiction is one of those genres that can either really take you to another time period or fall flat on its face. This book does a little bit of both as Ronald Kidd invites us to visit Dayton, Tennessee (not Ohio … thanks for catching my error Mr. Jordan) in the summer of 1925. That date and place should ring a bell, for it is the time and the place where a young teacher by the name of John Scopes is brought to trial for having the nerve to teach evolution in science class. Our guide, and protagonist, is a fifteen-year old girl named Frances Robinson whose father owns the local pharmacy and soda fountain bar where the plan to put Dayton on the map was hatched. For Frances, the world is turned upside down and inside out as she is forced to question everything she’s known. Along the way, we get to meet such historical figures as Clarence Darrow, William Jennings Bryan and the curmudgeon, H.L. Menken who befriends young Miss Robinson. For Frances, the twenty something Scopes is dreamy crush who represents the larger world outside of little, provincial Dayton. But she also has pride in where she’s from and she hates that everyone else is calling them Monkey Town. A good read about coming of age set in an interesting period of our own history.
  • Cormac McCarthy, No Country for Old Men. (***) I’ve been meaning to read this book for a few years now, but somehow never get around to doing it. Part of the reason is that I violated my own rule about books that have movies made from them and saw the movie before I read the book. This of course meant that every time that Anton Chigurgh (one of the main characters in this book) appears in the action, I couldn’t help but think of Javier Barden. No matter. What really bugged me at first was the irregular spelling and McCarthy’s use of the dreaded “could of” instead of “could’ve”. Needless to say, I had to forgive him since after the first ten or so pages, I recognized that McCarthy knows what he’s doing when he does that (unlike my first year college writing students and the numerous Facebookers and Twitterers who do this). This novel is ultra violent and full of gruesome details that even today can shock a reader, especially set against the otherwise quiet and quaint world of the Texas-Mexico desert land.
  • Paul Davies, The Eerie Silence. (****) If the universe is as habitable as we think it is, if it is replete with all the necessary ingredients for life as we know it, if it is teeming with billions of stars and trillions of planets capable of hosting life, then where are all the aliens? That, in a nutshell, is the question posed by mathematician Enrico Fermi back in 1950 and it is the subject of this fascinating book. Physicist, cosmologist, and astro-biologist , Paul Davies, leads the reader through a succinct, yet deep and thought-provoking review of not just what we know about life in general and intelligent life more specifically, but also why we may not have yet detected any signals from extraterrestrial aliens. I love books like this that lead me through complex ideas using easy to grasp language and analogies. Less than three hundred pages, and yet so full of historical background and groundbreaking ideas that have contributed to defining what SETI is and why it is worth expanding. Along the way, the reader will learn about the Drake Equation, von Neumann probes, the Arecibo Observatory, the WOW signal, the Cinderella zone, worm holes, string theory, evolutionary theory, tardigrades and many other fascinating science and math topics that should pique just about anyone’s interest. This book is for anyone who’s ever looked up at the stars and wondered, “are we alone?”

I’ve read other books that I’ll try to mention in my next post, but until next time, thank you for stopping by and I hope you’ve still got a couple of weeks of great summer memories left in you.

Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.

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Resources for Odyssey Research

Quick hit:

Students who are doing research on Homer’s The Odyssey may find it difficult to uncover valuable Lit/Crit resources online. Below, you will find links for PDF versions of books and articles we have available in our collection. Because our resources are so limited, I have created these files for our students hoping that they find them useful.

P.S. I will be adding a few more in the coming days as I scan other relevant books and articles, so please check back.

Thank you for stopping by, and I hope these prove valuable.

Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.

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Reviewing Online Research Skills: Part Two

Google Scholar, clustering search engines, citation generators and more

…………Last time I mentioned that most students begin their online research by turning to GOOGLE, and that usually leads to at least one WIKIPEDIA entry. Both of these sites are covered in my last post, and there’s plenty to discuss about them, but with only fifteen minutes left in my presentation, I quickly turn to GOOGLE SCHOLAR.

…………Despite its pedigree, Google Scholar is not a search engine in the traditional sense. Search engines, like Bing, Yahoo Search and Ask retrieve web pages based on algorithms that rank popularity and links to other pages. Google Scholar weeds out most of that noise and focuses on finding obscure hits that are academic, research based papers, publications and other resources that won’t make anyone’s “most popular” list. In this case, that’s a good thing.

…………It’s important to note that many of the finds that Google Scholar returns may be resources that require subscription or purchase. This doesn’t mean that you can’t find useful research material that is free. Included in Google Scholar’s search is the power of Google Books, which often allows users to preview whole sections of books. This is a great resource, especially for high school researchers, whose school libraries cannot keep up with purchasing published materials that are current, reliable, and appropriate for doing academic research.

…………Google Scholar also finds case studies, research publications and other public documents that are published by universities, individual researchers and private think tanks. Many of these resources are not only available for free, but can be downloaded as a PDF. Best of all, if you do find something that you can use in your research, Google Scholar provides the citation information in MLA, APA and Chicago formats. This alone, will save the student researcher valuable time in the end. google scholar Clustering Search Engines

…………With just a handful of minutes left, I finally get to talk about sites not named Google or Wikipedia. (And that’s okay, because it’s important to discuss when and how to use both of those ubiquitous and powerful Internet tools.) I usually have the class brainstorm with me the ways they begin their Internet research, so I return to the list we’ve created. Most times, this list includes other popular search engines such as Bing, Ask, Yahoo Search, maybe Dogpile or Webcrawler. These other sites are also search engines that use different algorithms to search for and sort the finds. They will basically return many of the same websites in different orders, and I don’t have a preference for one over the others.

…………Instead, I introduce students to YIPPY, a clustering search engine. Like the other search engines mentioned, Yippy has a traditional search field where you type in your keyword. Unlike the other search engines, Yippy divides the kind of returns it finds into several categories including what kind of site it came from (.edu, .gov, .org, etc.) and when the site was updated (past week, past month, etc.). Additionally, Yippy also offers a column of related search terms that both expand and narrow the keyword.

…………So, for example, if a student searches “steroids”, Yippy will find the typical Wikipedia entry, all the current news stories dealing with the topic and the sites selling, advertising and talking about steroids. The bonus for student researchers is that the clustering search engine will also divide the websites into meaningful categories such as “Side Effects of”, “Medical Use”, “High School”, “Bodybuilding” and so on. These “clouds” (as they’re called on Yippy) give students other words that could help them narrow or expand their research idea.

yippy2 Citation generators

…………During the final minute of my presentation, I introduce kids to a couple of the great online citation generators that exist to make their academic lives a little easier. I understand that there are still some teachers that insist that their students gather all of the bibliographic information on their own, but I find that most citation generators are imperfect anyway and will demand the students’ attention to correct or complete the information.

…………These online tools are also very useful, I believe, because the amounts and kinds of information that are available to today’s student researchers is ever changing and we could all use a little technical assistance with such matters as proper documentation of sources. The two citation generators I usually recommend are Easybib and Son of Citation Machine. Both of these tools are free and easy to use and require minimum training for learning how to generate proper MLA style citations. (Easybib requires a paid “upgrade” to create APA or Chicago style citations) son of Closing Remarks

…………Just before the bell rings, I remind students that the world wide web is an incredible collection of information, but that most of it isn’t really appropriate for school research. In fact, what most of us know as the “Internet” is really only the tip of the information iceberg that exists online. Stored in private and subscription databases is a whole other world of information that not even Google can reach. If they seem interested in learning more, I’m invited back. If they’re not interested, at least they’ll have some pointers to start with.

…………I hope you found something worthwhile. Next time I’ll discuss the databases available through the Haverhill Public Library and other useful sites for student researchers. As always, thank you for stopping by.

Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.

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Reviewing Online Research Skills: Part One

This time of the school year, I am invited to visit classes working on research papers to discuss with students how to use the sources available online. Most of the times, teachers are pretty open to allowing their students to pick their own topics to write about. This encourages students to research and share information about subjects, issues and ideas that keep them interested. The teachers work with the students to hone their ideas and develop a thesis statement, and then ask me to come in to their classrooms to talk about where to go online to find reliable information.

Starting Points

Although I’m always pressed for time during my presentations (there really is so much we could talk about), I don’t like to begin by assuming that students don’t already have resources they use to get their schoolwork done. After a quick survey of topic ideas (abortion, women’s rights, illegal immigration, GMOs, internet surveillance, etc.), I ask students where they begin their online searches and inevitably, they respond almost unanimously, “GOOGLE”.

This is a good starting point for discussing what Google is (a search engine) and for taking a look at the kind of results we get when we type a keyword into our search box. Rather than using a Powerpoint presentation during my talks, I use the Polyvision board and a live Internet connection to demonstrate doing online research in real time.* Using one of the suggested topics, I do a Google search that almost always has a WIKIPEDIA hit in the top five returns.

This is when I ask the students what they know about Wikipedia and we talk about how they should and should not use this indispensible online resource. The most common reasons I hear for why they shouldn’t use Wikipedia for academic research is because, “anyone can edit the entries” and “it isn’t reliable”. While the former statement remains only partially true (many articles on the site are locked and can only be edited by certain members of the Wikipedia community), the latter is no longer a legitimate reason for staying away from Wikipedia for school research papers.

In fact, multiple studies have shown that Wikipedia is as good as most traditional print encyclopedias when it comes to accuracy, especially on technical, mathematical or scientific topics. Entries that deal with pop culture, religious and political ideas and/or other issues subject to bias or interpretation, can be more contentious on Wikipedia, but even this can be used as a “learning moment” online.

Using Wikipedia for Research

Most research papers that students write nowadays can be described as argumentative or persuasive. That is, they have an issue in mind that is “debatable” or “controversial” and they have an opinion that they have to support. In order to do good research, the students should also know what the other side is saying about the issue, and this is where Wikipedia’s reliability can be discussed with the students. Topics such as “fracking” or “legality of cannabis” may have an introductory note explaining that there are polarizing views about the subject or that the entry is not considered neutral; and it’s worthwhile to discuss this with students.

In the end, the real problem (for me anyway) with using Wikipedia as a primary source for high school research papers is that it is only an encyclopedia. Just as I wouldn’t allow students to use print encyclopedias such as Britannica or Colliers, I discourage my high school students from thinking of Wikipedia as a primary source.

Instead, I teach them to read the articles for background information, including important dates and names associated with the subject. I also recommend that students look at the REFERENCES section at the bottom of the article. This is where Wikipedia really serves students best as an online research tool. Here they will find links to the articles and information used to write and research the article above. Often, the references have links that will take you to the source, and then the whole process of evaluating that source (for reliability, accuracy, bias, etc.) begins anew.

Hidden treasures of .gov sites    

After spending some time clarifying how to use and not use Wikipedia, I go back to the original Google search and explore the other search finds. This gives me a chance to talk with the students about the different kinds of top-level domains (TLD) that exist on the Internet such as .com, .gov and .org.

There are important differences between who can and cannot have a website in certain domains, but nowadays most web users ignore these distinctions. For students doing research, .gov sites are an excellent source of reliable and accurate information. Here is a handful of .gov sites that I recommend during my presentations:

  • Library of Congress: The largest library in the world with a collection of rare and unique audio, visual and text documents.
  • National Institutes of Health: A great resource for researching diseases, disorders and other health related topics. A search on this site will return government studies and publications on the topic.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Like the NIH above, the CDC is a valuable and reliable online source for health related topics.
  • CIA World fact book: Just as Wikipedia replaced the need for print encyclopedias, this online resource has replaced the library’s need for a print Almanac. Up to date information on the world countries’ population, type of government, economy, geography and so on.
  • NASA: Space exploration continues even if we are no longer sending people on the grand search. The telescopes, rovers and other tools available via NASA should be enough to inspire another generation of stargazers.

By this time in my presentation, I usually stop to ask if there are any questions, and I look up at the clock to realize, I still have a lot more to share, but only about fifteen minutes left to talk. Next time, I’ll discuss Google Scholar, clustering search engines and online citation generators.

I hope you found something useful, and as always, thank you for stopping by.

Copyright © henry toromoreno, 2015. All rights reserved.


* Of course this can backfire for many reasons and I do have a Powerpoint presentation ready in case of such an event.

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